Excel AVERAGE function


The Excel AVERAGE function calculates the mean of its arguments, which can be numbers, cell references, or ranges, ignoring text and blank cells. It’s a basic yet powerful tool for statistical analysis, providing a quick way to determine the central tendency of a data set.

					=AVERAGE(number1, [number2], ...)
  • number1: The first number, cell reference, or range for which you want to calculate the average
  • number2, …: [Optional] Additional numbers, cell references, or ranges, up to 255
Return value
The arithmetic mean of the given numbers.

How to use

Input directly numbers or specify cell references/ranges to calculate their average. AVERAGE automatically excludes empty cells and cells containing text.


To Calculate the Average of a Series of Numbers: Finding the mean of a set of values.
					=AVERAGE(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
This calculates the average of the numbers 1 through 5, resulting in 3, demonstrating the function’s basic utility in finding the mean value.
AVERAGE for a Range
Averaging Values in a Range: To compute the average of numbers in a specific range.
If A1:A10 contains ten numbers with a sum of 550, the formula returns 55 as the average, efficiently summarizing the data set with a single measure.
AVERAGE with Mixed Data Types
Evaluating a Range Containing Various Data Types: Calculating the average while excluding non-numeric entries.
Assuming A1:B5 includes eight numbers totaling 400 and two text entries, AVERAGE returns 50, ignoring text and focusing solely on numeric values.
AVERAGE for Non-Adjacent Cells
Combining Specific Cells for Averaging: To average numbers from non-contiguous cells.
					=AVERAGE(A1, C1, E1)
If A1 contains 10, C1 has 20, and E1 holds 30, the result is 20, showcasing the function’s flexibility in handling individual cell references.

Additional Notes

  • AVERAGE is straightforward but versatile, suitable for a wide range of data analysis scenarios.
  • For more complex averaging needs, such as conditional averages or averaging with multiple criteria, consider using AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS.

Related Functions

Excel MODE function

The Excel MODE function determines the most frequently occurring number in a data set, useful for identifying common values.

Excel AVERAGEIFS function

The Excel AVERAGEIFS function calculates the average of numbers that meet multiple criteria, enhancing detailed data analysis.

Excel AVERAGEIF function

The Excel AVERAGEIF function computes the average of numbers based on a criterion, perfect for conditional averaging.

Excel MEDIAN function

The Excel MEDIAN function calculates the middle value in a set, ideal for identifying central tendencies in skewed distributions.

Content Navigation