# Excel TAKE function

## Summary

The Excel TAKE function is used to extract a specific subset of rows and columns from a given array or range. It allows you to specify the exact number of rows and columns to retrieve, either from the start or the end of the array. TAKE is particularly useful when you need to isolate a specific section of a dataset for further analysis or display.
##### Syntax
```				```
=TAKE(array, rows, [cols])
```
```
• array: The source array or range from which to extract.
• rows: The number of rows to return. Positive numbers take from the start, negative numbers take from the end.
• [cols]: [Optional] The number of columns to return. Positive numbers take from the start, negative numbers take from the end.
##### Return value
A subset of the specified array or range.

## How to use

Use TAKE by specifying the array or range from which to extract a subset, and then define the number of rows and/or columns to include. You can specify positive numbers to extract from the start of the array, or negative numbers to extract from the end.

## Examples

##### Simple TAKE
Extracting a Specified Number of Rows: To get the first 3 rows of a range:
```				```
=TAKE(A1:C10, 3)
```
```
This formula takes the first 3 rows from the range A1:C10.
##### TAKE for Columns
Isolating Specific Columns from a Range: To extract the first 2 columns of a range:
```				```
=TAKE(A1:C10,, 2)
```
```
This formula takes the first 2 columns from the range A1:C10.
##### TAKE from the End
Extracting Rows from the End of an Array: To retrieve the last 4 rows of a range:
```				```
=TAKE(A1:C10, -4)
```
```
By using a negative number, this formula takes the last 4 rows from the range A1:C10.
##### TAKE for Specific Sections
Isolating a Specific Section of a Range: To extract the first 3 rows and 2 columns of a range:
```				```
=TAKE(A1:D10, 3, 2)
```
```
This formula extracts the first 3 rows and the first 2 columns from the range A1:D10.
##### TAKE for Last Row or Column
Retrieving the Last Row or Column: To return the last complete column or row:
```				```
=TAKE(A1:C10, -1) //Last Row
=TAKE(A1:C10,,-1) //Last Column
```
```
These formulas retrieve the last row and the last column of the range A1:C10, respectively.

• TAKE is a straightforward way to extract specific portions of data without needing to manipulate the entire dataset.
• It is particularly useful in combination with dynamic array functions or for preparing data for specific analyses.
• Note that if the specified number of rows or columns exceeds the size of the array, TAKE will return the maximum available rows or columns without error.